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Goats
Wild goats originated in Persia and Asia Minor, the Mediterranean basin, and the Himalayas. They were first domesticated approximately 10'000 years ago in southern Kurdistan (Middle East), which makes goats one of the olderst livestock species.
Goats were introduced around the world by early explorers and voyagers. Sailors even stocked remote islands with goats, knowing the goats would multiply and serve as a ready source of fresh meat on the men's subsequent visits. As a result of this, and because goats are highly adaptable to a wide range of climatic and geographical conditions, they are now more widely distributed than any other mammalian livestock. In some places feral goats have become a pest. 
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Final body weight of adult goats, which they only reach at the age of 4-5 years, can range from 25 kg to more than 100kg, depending on breed, climate, and feeding conditions. Males are bigger and grow faster than females (click here to read more about body weight and growth of goats).
 
Horns are a very important feature for the integrity of goats, in particular for their social interaction within the herd. Disbudding and dehorning should only be done if necessary (click here for a discussion of the question "Horns or no horns?").
Goats naturally have horns, but polled goats (i.e. genetically hornless goats) also exist (click here for the genetics of polled and horned goats).